Morphology of Flowering Plants Quiz-16

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NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. Leaves aries from which part of plant?
  •  Rhizome
  •  Stem
  •  Internode
  •  Node
The leaf is a green, flat, thin, lateral appendage of stem having chlorophyll. Leaves arise from the nodes of stem and produce organic food for plant by the process of photosynthesis.

Q2.Identify the monocarpic palm.
  •  Areca
  •  Borassus
  •  Calamus
  •  Corypha
Corypha is a monocarpic palm.

Q3.   Juicy hair-like structures observed in the lemon fruit develop from
  •  Endocarp
  •  Exocarp
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  •  Mesocarp
Lemon is a hesperidium type of fruit. Epicarp of this fruit contains many oil glands. Below epicarp is present a fibrous part, which fuses with Epicarp, this is known as mesocarp, while endocarp projects inwards and forms distinct chamber. Many unicellular juicy hairs are present on the inner side of endocarp which are edible part of this fruit.

Q4. Fibrous root system originates from the base of
  •  Root
  •  Stem
  •  Leaves
  •  Lamina
In monocotyledonous plant, the primary root is short lived and is replaced by large number of roots. Those roots originate from the base of the stem and constitutes the fibrous root system, as seen in the wheat or rice plant.

Q5. The given formula belongs to Br ⨁ ⚥ Epi3 K(5 )CA(∞) G5
  •  Solanaceae
  •  Malvaceae
  •  Gramineae
  •  Compositae
  The family-Malvaceae includes 75 genera and 1000 species they are chiefly distributed in tropical and subtropical region of the world. The given floral formula is of Malva plant.

Q6. ⚥stands for …A… ⨁ stands for …B… % stands for …C… Here, A to C refers to
  •  A-bisexual plant, B-actinomorphic, C-zygomorphic
  •  A-unisexual plant, B-actinomorphic, C-zygomorphic
  •  A-unisexual, B-zygomorphic, C-actinomorphic
  •  A-bisexual plant, B-zygomorphic, C-actinomorphic
A-Bisexual, B-Actinomorphic C-Zygomorphic
Symbols used for floral formula 
Br- Bracteate               EBr - Ebracteate 
Brl- Bracteolate          EBrl - Ebracteolate 
⨁ - Actinomorphic         % - Zygomorphic 
⚥- Perfect or bisexual       N- Necter 
⚥- Female                         C- Corolla, petals 
O - Male                           A- Androecium, stamens 
K - Calyx, sepal             Std - Staminodes 
P - Parianth, tepal             G - Gynoecium, Carpel

Q7.Bicarpellary, syncarpous and with pseudoseptum fruit is
  •  Siliqua
  •  Achene
  •  Capsule
  •  All of these
Bicarpellary, syncarpous and with pseudoseptum (i.e., false septum) fruit is called siliqua, e.g., Brassica.

Q8.Which is correct to saprophytic angiosperm?
  •  They secrets enzyme outside the body and absorb nutrients
  •  They have mycorrhiza with fungi
  •  They takes food and then digested it
  •  They are photosynthetic
Saprophytic organism (Saprophytes Gre; Sapro=putid and troph=feeder) break down dead organic matters by secreting digestive enzymes and then they absorbing the nutrient molecules.

Q9.Potato is a modification of
  •  Stem
  •  Rhizome
  •  Root
  •  Leaf
Potato is a stem tuber, which is a swollen, underground stem modification developed at the growing tip of a branch. It possesses number of spirally arranged depressions called eyes, which represent the nodes and contain buds.

Q10. K(2+2) represents
  •  Four petals in two groups
  •  Four petals in whorls of two each
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  • Either (a) or (b)
K5=5 sepals K(2+2)=4 sepals in two groups or two group of 2 whorl having two sepal each 
K= Indefinate or numerous stamens

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