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Morphology of Flowering Plants Quiz-15

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NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. Aleurone layer is rich in
  •  Lipid
  •  Starch
  •  Protein
  •  Fatty acid
Solution
Protein. The outer covering of endosperm separates the embryo by a proteinous layer called the aleurone layer. The cells of aleurone layer have thick walls

Q2.Pome fruit is found in
  •  Mango
  •  Apple
  •  Litchi
  •  Peach
Solution
Pome is two or more seeded fleshy syncarpous fruit surrounded by thalamus, e.g., Apple, pear, mango, peach-Drupe.

Q3.   In a longitudinal section of a root, starting from the tip upward the four zones occur in the following order :
  •  Root cap, cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation
  •  Root cap, cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement
  •  Cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation, root cap
  •  Cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement, root cap
Solution
In a longitudinal section of a root, starting from the tip upward the four zones occur in the following order : Root cap→Zone of cell division →Zone of cell enlargement → Zone of cell maturation

Q4. The most advanced family is
  •  Cruciferae
  •  Cucurbitaceae
  •  Compositae
  •  Euphorbiaceae
Solution
Some taxonomists believed that Compositae is most advanced family.


Q5. Potato and sweet potato
  •  Have edible parts, which are homologous organs
  •  Have edible parts, which are analogous organs
  •  Have been introduced in India from the same place
  •  Are two species of the same genus
Solution
  Analogous organs have different embryonic origin but perform similar functions. Potato (stem-tuber) and sweet potato (roots) have edible parts, which are analogous organs.

Q6. Fruits are formed in
  •  Brassica
  •  Fern
  •  Cycas
  •  Funaria
Solution
Fruit is the mature ripened ovary of the flower, enclosing the seeds. It is the characteristic feature of Angiospermic plants, e.g., Brassica.

Q7.Green leaf-like modified aerial stems/branches with a single internode are called
  •  Phylloclades
  •  Phyllodes
  •  Bulbils
  •  Cladodes
Solution
Only one internode long typical phylloclade (i.e., green leaf-like modified stem) is called as cladode, e.g., Asparagus.

Q8.In hypogeal seed germination, the structure help to push the cotyledon inside the soil is
  •  Epicotyl
  •  Hypocotyls
  •  Plumule
  •  Radical
Solution
In hypogeal seed germination, the epicotyls elongates instead of hypocotyls. This keeps cotyledons inside soil surface or may bring them just above the soil surface but there they remain non-green, dry up gradually and fall off, eg, some seeds of dicots Pisum, Cicer, Cocos, Mangifera and most of monocot seeds-Zea mays, Oryza sativa.

Q9.Which of the following represents the floral characters of Liliaceae?
  •  Six tepals, zygomorphic, six stamens, bilocular ovary, axile placentation
  •  Tetramerous, actinomorphic, polyphyllous, unilocular ovary, axile placentation
  •  Trimerous, actinomorphic, polyandrous, superior ovary, axile placentation
  •  Bisexual, zygomorphic, gomophyllous, inferior ovary, axile placentation
Solution
The flower in family-Liliaceae I complete, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous and the gynoecium is tricarpellary, syncarpous having superior ovary with axile placentation.

Q10. Multicostate parallel venation of leaf is found in
  •  Grass, palm
  •  Dalbergia
  •  Argemone
  •  Mangifera
Solution
Grass,palm has multicose parallel venation on leaves.

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