BITSAT Syllabus 2020
BITSAT 2020: BITSAT 2020, organised by the Birla Institute of
Technology and Science, Pilani will release its official notification
tentatively in the month of December 2019 or January 2020. BITSAT 2020 is a
computer based online test. It is for the engineering aspirants. The format of
this entrance exam is that it will comprise of the Multiple Choice Questions.
The BITSAT syllabus is based on the content of the NCERT books of Class 11th
and 12th. The syllabus of BITSAT 2020 will be released in January 2020. It will
have topics from Physics,Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology , English and Logical
Reasoning. The students who want to appear for the BITSAT 2020 must download
the syllabus and prepare for the exam accordingly. For more details regarding
the syllabus, exam pattern and preparation tips for the BITSAT 2020, read the
entire article.
BITSAT Syllabus is very exhaustive as the BITSAT 2020 will cover questions from the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology of classes 11th and 12th. Along with these, questions testing the English proficiency of the aspirant will also be asked.
The BITSAT 2020 Exam Syllabus is as given below:
Part I: Physics
1. Units & Measurement: 1.1
Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units) 1.2
Dimensional Analysis 1.3 Precision and significant figures 1.4 Fundamental
measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)
2. Kinematics: 2.1 Properties of vectors 2.2 Position, velocity and
acceleration vectors 2.3 Motion with constant acceleration 2.4 Projectile
motion 2.5 Uniform circular motion 2.6 Relative motion
3. Newton’s Laws of Motion: 3.1
Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces) 3.2 Motion on an
inclined plane 3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems 3.4 Circular motion –
centripetal force 3.5 Inertial and noninertial frames
4. Impulse and Momentum: 4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum 4.2 Conservation
of momentum 4.3 Collisions 4.4 Momentum of a system of particles 4.5 Center of
mass
5. Work and Energy: 5.1 Work done by a force 5.2 Kinetic energy and
workenergy theorem 5.3 Power 5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy 5.5
Conservation of mechanical energy
6. Rotational Motion: 6.1 Description of rotation (angular
displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration) 6.2 Rotational motion
with constant angular acceleration 6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and
perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy 6.4 Torque and angular
momentum 6.5 Conservation of angular momentum 6.6 Rolling motion
7. Gravitation: 7.1 Newton’s law of gravitation 7.2 Gravitational
potential energy, Escape velocity 7.3 Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws,
satellite motion
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids: 8.1 Elasticity 8.2 Pressure, density
and Archimedes’ principle 8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension 8.4 Bernoulli’s
theorem
9. Oscillations: 9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion 9.2 Spring
mass system, simple and compound pendulum 9.3 Forced & damped oscillations,
resonance
10. Waves: 10.1 Progressive
sinusoidal waves 10.2 Standing waves in strings and pipes 10.3 Superposition of
waves, beats 10.4 Doppler Effect
11. Heat and Thermodynamics: 11.1 Kinetic theory of gases 11.2 Thermal
equilibrium and temperature 11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer  Conduction,
convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling 11.4
Work, heat and the first law of thermodynamics
11.5 2nd law of thermodynamics,
Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance
12. Electrostatics: 12.1
Coulomb’s law 12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge
distributions) 12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
12.4 Gauss’ law and its applications 12.5 Electric dipole 12.6 Capacitance and
dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)
13. Current Electricity: 13.1 Ohm’s law, Joule heating 13.2 D.C
circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws,
potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge 13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity,
origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).
14. Magnetic Effect of Current: 14.1 BiotSavart’s law and its applications
14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications 14.3 Lorentz force, force on current
carrying conductors in a magnetic field 14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop,
torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and
ammeter
15. Electromagnetic Induction: 15.1 Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy
currents 15.2 Self and mutual inductance 15.3 Transformers and generators 15.4
Alternating current (peak and rms value) 15.5 AC circuits, LCR circuits
16. Optics: 16.1 Laws of reflection and refraction 16.2 Lenses and
mirrors 16.3 Optical instruments – telescope and microscope 16.4 Interference –
Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment 16.5 Interference in thin
films 16.6 Diffraction due to a single slit 16.7 Electromagnetic waves and their
characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum 16.8
Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law
17. Modern Physics: 17.1 Dual nature of light and matter –
Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength 17.2 Atomic models – Rutherford’s
experiment, Bohr’s atomic model 17.3 Hydrogen atom spectrum 17.4 Radioactivity
17.5 Nuclear reactions: Fission and fusion, binding energy
18. Electronic Devices: 18.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas
only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; 18.2 Semiconductor diode –
IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; IV
characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as
a voltage regulator. 18.3 Junction transistor, transistor action,
characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter
configuration) and oscillator 18.4 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).
Transistor as a switch.
Part II: Chemistry
1. States of Matter: 1.1 Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units,
Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures. 1.2 Chemical reactions:
Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic,
molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular
formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry 1.3 Three states of
matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling
points Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical
derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour –
Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation. 1.4 Liquid
state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity. 1.5 Solid state:
Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two
dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of the density of unit
cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple
AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite,
metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell,
ImperfectionsPoint defects, nonstoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic
and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description. Band
theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators, and n and p type
semiconductors.
2. Atomic Structure: 2.1 Introduction: Subatomic particles; Atomic
number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and its limitations,
Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr
model and its limitations. 2.2 Quantum mechanics: Waveparticle duality – de
Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and
wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum
number. 2.3 Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle
and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule. 2.4 Periodicity: Brief
history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern
periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends:
ionization energy, atomic, and ionic radii, inter gas radii, electron affinity,
electronegativity and valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number
greater than 100.
3. Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure: 3.1 Valence electrons,
Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and BornHaber cycle; Covalent character of ionic
bonds and polar character of covalent bond, bond parameters 3.2 Molecular
Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model &
molecular shapes 3.3 Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory Orbital overlap,
Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s, p & d orbitals only),
Resonance; Molecular orbital theory Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram,
Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative
idea only). 3.4 Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.
4. Thermodynamics: 4.1 Basic
Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive
Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature 4.2 First Law of Thermodynamics: Work,
internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific heats,
measurements of ∆U and ∆H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation,
ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law, Enthalpy of bond
dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution 4.3
Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy
related to spontaneity and nonspontaneity, nonmechanical work; Standard free
energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium 4.4 Third
Law: Introduction
5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria: 5.1 Concentration Units: Mole
Fraction, Molarity, and Molality 5.2 Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases
in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapor pressure,
depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure,
determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass,
van’t Hoff factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass
action 5.3 Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes
(solidliquid, liquidgas, solidgas), Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical
and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion,
classification, preparation, uses. 5.4 Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium
constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, LeChatelier’s principle. 5.5
Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius,
Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization
of Water; ionization of polybasic acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson
equation, Acidbase titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly
Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect. 5.6 Factors Affecting Equilibria:
Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of G0DG and D in
Chemical Equilibria.
6. Electrochemistry: 6.1 Redox
Reactions: Oxidationreduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation
number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions;
Standard electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors
affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential;
Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention. 6.2
Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar
conductivities; variations of conductivity with concentration , Kolhrausch’s
Law and its application, Electrolysis, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis;
Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals,
NaOH, Na, Al.
7. Chemical Kinetics: 7.1
Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant;
Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half
life for zero and first order reactions. 7.2 Factor Affecting the Rate of the
Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, catalyst; size of particles;
Temperature dependence of the rate constant concept of collision theory
(elementary idea, no mathematical treatment); Activation energy. 7.3 Surface
Chemistry Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting
adsorption of gasses on solids; catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous,
activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction
between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multi
molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect,
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions–types of emulsions.
8. Hydrogen and sblock elements: 8.1 Hydrogen: Element: unique
position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation,
properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent,
interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water
molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure
& use, Hydrogen as a fuel. 8.2 sblock elements: Abundance and occurrence;
Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal
relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy, atomic
& ionic radii). 8.3 Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium:
occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological
importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water; Basic nature of
oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl,
Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH. 8.4 Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and
calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions
with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts;
Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of
important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2,
CaCO3, and CaSO4.
9. p d and fblock elements: 9.1 General: Abundance, distribution,
physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in
chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation
states; anomalous properties of first element of each group. 9.2 Group 13
elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides &
halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis; 9.3 Group 14 elements:
Carbon: carbon catenation, physical & chemical properties, uses, allotropes
(graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides;
Silicon: Silica, silicates, silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites, and
their uses 9.4 Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Preparation, reactivity and uses
of nitrogen; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Compound of nitrogen;
Ammonia: Haber’s process, properties and reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and
their structures; Properties and Ostwald’s process of nitric acid production;
Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus;
Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids (elementary
idea only) and halides of phosphorus, phosphine. 9.5 Group 16 elements:
Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric
oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur;
Preparation/production properties and uses of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric
acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids (structures only). 9.6 Group
17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides,
oxoacids of halogens (structures only); preparation, properties & uses of
chlorine & HCl; Interhalogen compounds; Bleaching Powder; Uses of Group 18
elements, Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and
oxoacids. 9.7 dBlock elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row
transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; ionization enthalpy;
Ionic radii; Color; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial
compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury;
Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of
K2Cr2O7, KMnO4. 9.8 fBlock elements: Lanthanoids and actinoids; Oxidation
states and chemical reactivity of lanthanide compounds; Lanthanide contraction
and its consequences, Comparison of actinoids and lanthanoids. 9.9 Coordination
Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werner’s coordination theory; IUPAC
nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds (in
qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems e.g.
chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and hemoglobin); Bonding: Valencebond approach,
Crystal field theory (qualitative); Isomers including stereoisomers.
10. Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons: 10.1 Classification: General Introduction,
classification based on functional groups, trivial and IUPAC nomenclature.
Methods of purification: qualitative and quantitative, 10.2 Electronic
displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive, resonance effects, and
hyperconjugation; free radicals; carbocations, carbanions, nucleophiles and
electrophiles; types of organic reactions, free radical halogenations. 10.3
Alkanes: Structural isomerism, general properties and chemical reactions, free
radical halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis. 10.4 Alkenes and alkynes:
General methods of preparation and reactions, physical properties,
electrophilic and free radical additions, acidic character of alkynes and (1,2
and 1,4) addition to dienes. 10.5 Aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources; properties;
isomerism; resonance delocalization; aromaticity; polynuclear hydrocarbons;
IUPAC nomenclature; mechanism of electrophilic substitution reaction, directive
influence and effect of substituents on reactivity; carcinogenicity and
toxicity. 10.6 Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Physical properties, nomenclature,
optical rotation, chemical reactions and mechanism of substitution reaction.
Uses and environmental effects; di, tri, tetrachloroethane, iodoform, freon and
DDT.
11. Stereochemistry: 11.1 Conformations: Ethane conformations; Newman
and Sawhorse projections. 11.2 Geometrical isomerism in alkenes.
12. Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and
Nitrogen: 12.1 General: Nomenclature, electronic structure, important methods
of preparation, identification, important reactions, physical and chemical
properties, uses of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic
acids, nitro compounds, amines, diazonium salts, cyanides and isocyanides.
hydrogen in carbonyl compounds, effect of substituents on alpha carbon on acid
strength, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives, mechanism of
nucleophilica12.2 Specific: Reactivity of
addition and dehydration, basic character of amines, methods of
preparation, and their separation, importance of diazonium salts in synthetic
organic chemistry.
13. Biological , Industrial and Environmental chemistry: 13.1
Carbohydrates: Classification; Monosaccharides; Structures of pentoses and
hexoses; Simple chemical reactions of glucose, Disaccharides: reducing and
nonreducing sugars – sucrose, maltose and lactose; Polysaccharides: elementary
idea of structures of starch, cellulose and glycogen. 13.2 Proteins: Amino
acids; Peptide bond; Polypeptides; Primary structure of proteins; Simple idea
of secondary , tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins; Denaturation of
proteins and enzymes. 13.3 Nucleic Acids: Types of nucleic acids; Primary
building blocks of nucleic acids (chemical composition of DNA & RNA);
Primary structure of DNA and its double helix; Replication; Transcription and
protein synthesis; Genetic code. 13.4 Vitamins: Classification, structure,
functions in biosystems; Hormones 13.5 Polymers: Classification of polymers;
General methods of polymerization; Molecular mass of polymers; Biopolymers and
biodegradable polymers; methods of polymerization (free radical, cationic and
anionic addition polymerizations); Copolymerization: Natural rubber;
Vulcanization of rubber; Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers. 13.6
Pollution: Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; Chemical
reactions in atmosphere; Smog; Major atmospheric pollutants; Acid rain; Ozone
and its reactions; Depletion of ozone layer and its effects; Industrial air
pollution; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Green Chemistry, study for
control of environmental pollution. 13.7 Chemicals in medicine, healthcare and
food: Analgesics, Tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
antifertility drugs, antihistamines, antibiotics, antacids; Preservatives,
artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants, soaps and detergents.
14. Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry: 14.1 Volumetric Analysis: Principles;
Standard solutions of sodium carbonate and oxalic acid; Acid Base titrations;
Redox reactions involving KI, H2SO4, Na2SO3, Na2S2O3 and H2S; Potassium
permanganate in acidic, basic and neutral media; Titrations of oxalic acid,
ferrous ammonium sulphate with KMnO4, K2Cr2O7/Na2S2O3, Cu(II)/Na2S2O3. 14.2
Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts: Principles in the determination of the
cations Pb2+, Cu2+ , As3+, Mn2+, Al3+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4
+ , Fe3+, Ni2+ and the anions CO3 2 , S2 , SO4 2 , SO3 2 , NO2  , NO3  ,
Cl , Br , I , PO4 3 , CH3COO , C2O4 2 . 14.3 Physical Chemistry
Experiments: preparation and crystallization of alum, copper sulphate. Benzoic
acid ferrous sulphate, double salt of alum and ferrous sulphate, potassium
ferric sulphate; Temperature vs. solubility; Study of pH charges by common ion
effect in case of weak acids and weak bases; pH measurements of some solutions
obtained from fruit juices, solutions of known and varied concentrations of
acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator; Lyophilic and
lyophobic sols; Dialysis; Role of emulsifying agents in emulsification.
Equilibrium studies involving ferric and thiocyanate ions (ii) [Co(H2O)6] 2+
and chloride ions; Enthalpy determination for strong acid vs. strong base
neutralization reaction (ii) hydrogen bonding interaction between acetone and
chloroform; Rates of the reaction between (i) sodium thiosulphate and
hydrochloric acid, (ii) potassium iodate and sodium sulphite (iii) iodide vs.
hydrogen peroxide, concentration and temperature effects in these reactions.
14.4 Purification Methods: Filtration, crystallization, sublimation,
distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography. Principles of
melting point and boiling point determination; principles of paper
chromatographic separation – Rf values. 14.5 Qualitative Analysis of Organic
Compounds: Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorous and halogens; Detection
of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in foodstuffs; Detection of alcoholic,
phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic, amino groups and unsaturation. 14.6
Quantitative Analysis of Organic Compounds: Basic principles for the
quantitative estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogen, sulphur and
phosphorous; Molecular mass determination by silver salt and chloroplatinate
salt methods; Calculations of empirical and molecular formulae. 14.7 Principles
of Organic Chemistry Experiments: Preparation of iodoform, acetanilide, pnitro
acetanilide, dibenzyl acetone, aniline yellow, betanaphthol; Preparation of
acetylene and study of its acidic character. 14.8 Basic Laboratory Technique:
Cutting glass tube and glass rod, bending a glass tube, drawing out a glass
jet, boring of cork.
Part III:
(a) English Proficiency and (b) Logical Reasoning
(a) English Proficiency:
1. Grammar: 1.1 Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction,
Relative pronouns 1.2 Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives 1.3 Voice,
Transformation 1.4 Question tags, Phrasal verbs
2. Vocabulary: 2.1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled
letters, Homophones, Spelling 2.2 Contextual meaning. 2.3 Analogy
3. Reading Comprehension: 3.1
Content/ideas 3.2 Vocabulary 3.3 Referents 3.4 Idioms/Phrases 3.5
Reconstruction (rewording)
4. Composition: 4.1 Rearrangement 4.2 Paragraph Unity 4.3
Linkers/Connectives
(b) Logical Reasoning:
5. Verbal Reasoning: 5.1
Analogy 5.2 Classification 5.3 Series
Completion 5.4 Logical Deduction 5.5
Chart Logic
6. Nonverbal Reasoning: 6.1 Pattern Perception 6.2 Figure Formation and
Analysis 6.3 Paper Cutting 6.4
Figure 6.5 Rule Detection
Part IV: Mathematics
1. Algebra: 1.1 Complex numbers,
addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of
modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers,
geometric interpretations; Fundamental theorem of algebra. 1.2 Theory of
Quadratic equations, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and
their solutions. 1.3 Arithmetic and geometric progressions and arithmetic
geometric series, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite
geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. 1.4
Logarithms and their properties. 1.5 Exponential series. 1.6 Permutations and
combinations, Permutations as an arrangement and combination as selection,
simple applications. 1.7 Binomial theorem for a positive integral index,
properties of binomial coefficients, Pascal’s triangle 1.8 Matrices and
determinants of order two or three, properties and evaluation of determinants,
addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrices,
Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables,
elementary row and column operations of matrices, Types of matrices,
applications of determinants in finding the area of triangles. 1.9 Sets,
Relations and Functions, algebra of sets applications, equivalence relations,
mappings, oneone, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings, binary
operation, inverse of function, functions of real variables like polynomial,
modulus, signum and greatest integer. 1.10 Mathematical reasoning and methods
of proof , Mathematically acceptable statements. Connecting words/phrases –
consolidating the understanding of “if and only if (necessary and sufficient)
condition”, “implies”, “and/or”, “implied” by”, “and”, “or”, “there exists” and
through a variety of examples related to real life and Mathematics. Validating
the statements involving the connecting words – difference between
contradiction, converse and contrapositive., Mathematical induction 1.11 Linear
Inequalities, solution of linear inequalities in one variable ( Algebraic) and
two variables (Graphical).
2. Trigonometry: 2.1 Measurement of angles in radians and degrees,
positive and negative angles, trigonometric ratios, functions with their graphs
and identities. 2.2 Solution of trigonometric equations. 2.3 Inverse
trigonometric functions.
3. Twodimensional Coordinate Geometry:
3.1 Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section
formulae, shift of origin. 3.2 Straight lines and a pair of straight lines:
Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance
of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given
lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent
lines. 3.3 Circles: Equation of circle in
standard form, parametric equations of a circle. 3.4 Conic sections: parabola, ellipse and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci.
standard form, parametric equations of a circle. 3.4 Conic sections: parabola, ellipse and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci.
4. Three dimensional Coordinate Geometry: 4.1 Coordinate axes and coordinate planes,
distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines and direction
ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines. 4.2 Angle between
two lines whose direction ratios are given, the shortest distance between two
lines. 4.3 Equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane, condition for
coplanarity of three lines, angles between two planes, angle between a line and
a plane.
5. Differential calculus: 5.1 Domain and range of a real valued
function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of
two functions, Differentiability. 5.2 Derivative of different types of
functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric,
exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum,
difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, parametric form.
5.3 Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normals. 5.4
Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function. 5.5
Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem.
6. Integral calculus: 6.1
Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of
standard functions. 6.2 Methods of integration: Integration by substitution,
Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by
trigonometric identities. 6.3 Definite integrals and their properties,
Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus, applications in finding areas under
simple curves. 6.4 Application of definite integrals to the determination of
areas of regions bounded by simple curves.
7. Ordinary Differential Equations: 7.1 Order and degree of a
differential equation, formulation of a differential equation whose general
solution is given, variables separable method. 7.2 Solution of homogeneous
differential equations of first order and first degree 7.3 Linear first order
differential equations
8. Probability: 8.1 Various terminology in probability, axiomatic and
other approaches of probability, addition and multiplication rules of
probability. 8.2 Conditional probability, total probability and Bayes theorem
8.3 Independent events 8.4 Discrete random variables and distributions with
mean and variance.
9. Vectors: 9.1 Direction ratio/cosines of vectors, addition of
vectors, scalar multiplication, position vector of a point dividing a line
segment in a given ratio. 9.2 Dot and cross products of two vectors, projection
of a vector on a line. 9.3 Scalar triple products and their geometrical
interpretations.
10. Statistics: 10.1 Measures of dispersion 10.2 Analysis of frequency
distributions with equal means but different variances
11. Linear Programming: 11.1 Various terminology and formulation of
linear Programming 11.2 Solution of linear Programming using graphical method,
feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal
feasible solutions (upto three non trivial constraints)
12. Mathematical modeling: 12.1
Formulation of simple real life problem, solution using matrices, calculus and
linear programming.
Part IV: Biology
1. Diversity in Living World: 1.1 Biology – its meaning and relevance
to mankind 1.2 What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and
Binomial system of nomenclature. 1.3 Introductory classification of living
organisms (Twokingdom system, Fivekingdom system); 1.4 Plant kingdom –
Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms); 1.5 Animal kingdom –
Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.
2: Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function 2.1 Cell wall; Cell
membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes,
Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella;
Centrosome and Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies. 2.2 Structural differences
between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells. 2.3
Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis. 2.4 Biomolecules – Structure and
function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids. 2.5 Enzymes –
Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.
3: Genetics and Evolution: 3.1 Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory
of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Codominance;
Complementary genes; Multiple alleles; 3.2 Linkage and Crossing over;
Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans. 3.3 DNA –its
organization and replication; Transcription and Translation; 3.4 Gene
expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting. 3.5 Theories and evidences of
evolution, including modern Darwinism.
4: Structure and Function – Plants: 4.1 Morphology of a flowering
plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem
(including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and
arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit;
Secondary growth; 4.2 Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion,
osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food;
Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement. 4.3 Mineral
nutrition – Macro and micronutrients in plants including deficiency disorders;
Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism. 4.4 Photosynthesis – Light reaction,
cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of carbon dioxide
fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors. 4.5 Respiration – Anaerobic,
Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy
relations.
5: Structure and Function  Animals: 5.1 Human Physiology – Digestive
system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs,
breathing and exchange and transport of gases. 5.2 Body fluids and circulation
– Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity;
Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases. 5.3 Excretion system – Urine formation,
regulation of kidney function 5.4 Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system,
joints, muscles, types of movement. 5.5 Control and coordination – Central and
peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and
sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of
hormone action.
6: Reproduction, Growth and
Movement in Plants: 6.1 Asexual methods
of reproduction; 6.2 Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female
gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of
embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and elminth)
6.3 Growth and Movement – Growth phases: Types of growth regulators and
their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement; 6.4 Apical dominance;
Senescence; Abscission; Photo periodism; Vernalisation; 6.5 Various types of
movements.
7: Reproduction and Development in Humans: 7.1 Male and female
reproductive systems; 7.2 Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation;
Implantation; 7.3 Embryo development; 7.4 Pregnancy and parturition; 7.5 Birth
control and contraception.
8: Ecology and Environment : 8.1 Meaning of ecology, environment,
habitat and niche. 8.2 Ecological levels of organization (organism to
biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and
Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components;
Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web; 8.3 Energy flow; Major types of
ecosystems including agroecosystem. 8.4 Ecological adaptations – Structural and
physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.
8.5 Biodiversity and Environmental Issues – Meaning, types and conservation
strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries), Air and Water
Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change;
Ozone depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution
control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of
species (Hot Spots).
9: Biology and Human Welfare: 9.1 Animal husbandry – Livestock,
Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major
communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans
and helminths, and their control. 9.2 Cancer; AIDS. 9.3 Adolescence and
drug/alcohol abuse; 9.4 Basic concepts of immunology. 9.5 Plant Breeding and
Tissue Culture in crop improvement.
10: Biotechnology and its Applications : 10.1 Microbes as ideal system
for biotechnology; 10.2 Microbial technology in food processing, industrial
production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy
generation. 10.3 Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA
insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants 10.4
Applications of RDNA technology in human health –Production of Insulin,
Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy. 10.5 Applications
in Industry and Agriculture – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement
to scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation,
herbicideresistance and pestresistance including Bt crops.
The BITSAT 2020 is a Computer based online test where the students are
given 150 objective questions which are to be solved in 180 minutes. Each
question will have 4 options out which only one will be correct. For every
correct answer, the student will be rewarded with 3 marks, whereas for every
wrong answer, there will be a deduction of 1 mark.
The exam structure of BITSAT is given below:
Type

Computer based online test

Duration

3 hours

Total Number of questions

150

Total marks

450

Marks for each right answer

+3

Deduction for each wrong answer

1

Division of questions as per the subjects:
Part

Subject

Number of Questions

I

Physics

40

II

Chemistry

40

III (a)

English Proficiency

15

III (b)

Logical reasoning

10

IV

Maths\Biology

45

Total

150

BITSAT Preparation Tips
This section answers the question, how to prepare for BITSAT 2020?.
Since BITSAT 2020 is an objective or Multiple choice based question exam, it is very crucial to get the answer right . This is possible only when the concepts of the aspirants are crystal clear. The students must hence follow the NCERT books meticulously in order to gain a strong hold over the concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. For the students who have opted for Maths, they must ensure that they get enough practice of every type of question. The students must not leave out any topic from any subject. They must attempt the previous year question papers for practice. This will help the students get the knack of the type of questions they will be facing. Since persistence is the key to success, the students must not lose heart if they stumble on any moment during their preparation period. Remember, slipping stones one day will surely turn into stepping stones !!
Since BITSAT 2020 is an objective or Multiple choice based question exam, it is very crucial to get the answer right . This is possible only when the concepts of the aspirants are crystal clear. The students must hence follow the NCERT books meticulously in order to gain a strong hold over the concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. For the students who have opted for Maths, they must ensure that they get enough practice of every type of question. The students must not leave out any topic from any subject. They must attempt the previous year question papers for practice. This will help the students get the knack of the type of questions they will be facing. Since persistence is the key to success, the students must not lose heart if they stumble on any moment during their preparation period. Remember, slipping stones one day will surely turn into stepping stones !!