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WORK ENERGY AND POWER Quiz-17

Dear Readers,

Work power energy is the most important chapter when it comes to mechanics, for JEE (Advanced). The chapter is quite tricky and takes a lot of time and devotion on your part to understand and master. But this chapter is a complete gold medal for almost all the questions of the mechanics can be solved by the work power energy approach if you master this topic..

Q1.
Statement 1: Comets move around the sun in elliptical orbits. The gravitational force on the comet due to sun is not normal to the comet’s velocity but the work done by the gravitational force over every complete orbit of the comet is zero 
Statement 2: Gravitational force is a non conservative force
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
The gravitational force on the comet due to the sun is a conservative force. Since the work done by a conservative force over a closed path is always zero (irrespective of the nature of path), the work done by the gravitational forces over every complete orbit of the comet is zero


Q2.
Statement 1: Work done in moving a body over a closed loop is zero for every force in nature 
Statement 2: Work done does not depend on nature of force
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
Work done in the motion of a body over a closed loop is zero only when the body is moving under the action of conservative forces (like gravitational or electrostatic forces). i.e. work done depends upon the nature of force


Q3.  
Statement 1: In a circular motion, work done by centripetal force is not zero always
 Statement 2: If the speed of a particle increases or decreases in circular motion, net force acting on the particle does not remain towards centre
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
Centripetal force is always perpendicular to velocity, hence it does no work If speed of the body changes, then additional tangential force comes into play and resultant force does not remain towards centre

Q4. 
Statement 1: According to law of conservation of mechanical energy change in potential energy is equal and opposite to the change in kinetic energy. 
Statement 2: Mechanical energy is not conserved.
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
According to conservation of mechanical energy as for conservation forces the sum of kinetic energy and potential energy remains constant and throughout the motion it is independent of time. This is the law of conservation of mechanical energy. ie, KE+PE=total energy =constant.


Q5.
Statement 1: When two moving bodies collide, their temperatures rise. 
Statement 2: The potential energy of the colliding bodies converts into heat energy.
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
 
When two moving bodies collide, their temperatures rise due to some part of KE is converted into heat energy of two colliding bodies.


Q6. 
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Q7.
Statement 1: Kinetic energy of a body is quadrupled, when its velocity is doubled 
Statement 2: Kinetic energy is proportional to square of velocity
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
K=1/2 mv^2∴K∝v^2 If velocity is doubled then K.E. will be quadrupled


Q8.
Statement 1: A spring has potential energy, Whether it is compressed or stretched. 
Statement 2: In compressing or stretching work is done on the spring against the restoring force.

  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
When a spring is compressed or stretched, work is to be done against restoring force. This work done is stored in the spring in from of potential energy


Q9.  Statement 1: The internal potential energy of a certain amount of liquid when spread out in a thin layer is more than that of the same amount of liquid in the shape of a sphere 
Statement 2: The potential energy decreases on account of decreased intermolecular distance


  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
The potential energy of two identical molecules increases when the distance between them is increased


Q10.  Statement 1: Mass and energy are not conserved separately, but are conserved as a single identity called mass energy. Statement 2: This is because one can be obtained at the cost of the other as per Einstein equation, E=mc2.


  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is True; Statement 2 is not correct explanation for Statement 1
  •  Statement 1 is True, Statement 2 is False
  •  Statement 1 is False, Statement 2 is True
Solution
Einstein mass-energy equivalence relation is given by E=mc^2 From the relation, it can be said that if energy is conserved, then mass is conserved or vice-versa. Also, per this equation, Whole of the energy can be converted into mass or can be converted wholly into energy.

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