## SETS-1 Quiz-15

In mathematics a set is a collection of distinct elements. The elements that make up a set can be any kind of things: people, letters of the alphabet, numbers, points in space, lines, other geometrical shapes, variables, or even other sets. Two sets are equal if and only if they have precisely the same elements. Sets are ubiquitous in modern mathematics. Indeed, set theory, more specifically Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory, has been the standard way to provide rigorous foundations for all branches of mathematics since the first half of the 20th century..

Q1. Two points P and Q in a plane are related if OP=OQ, where O is a fixed point. This relation is
•  Partial order relation
•  Equivalence relation
•  Reflexive but not symmetric
•  Reflexive but not transitive
Solution
B

Q2.Let L be the set of all straight lines in the Euclidean plane. Two lines l_1 and l_2 are said to be related by the relation R iff l_1 is parallel to l_2. Then, the relation R is not
•  Reflexive
•  Symmetric >
•   Transitive
•  None of these
Solution
(d)

Q3.  If a set has 13 elements and R is a reflexive relation on A with n elements, then
•   13≤n≤26
•  0≤n≤26
•  13≤n≤169
•  0≤n≤169
Solution
(c) Since R is a reflexive relation on A. ∴(a,a)∈R for all a∈A ⇒n(A)≤n(R)≤n(A×A)⇒13≤n(R)≤169

Q4. In a class of 45 students, 22 can speak Hindi and 12 can speak English only. The number of students, who can speak both Hindi and English, is
•  9
•  11
•  13
•  17
Solution
(b) We have, n(H)-n(H∩E)=22,n(E)-n(H∩E)=12,n(H∪E)=45 ∴n(H∪E)=n(H)+n(E)-n(H∩E) ⇒45=22+12+n(H∪E) ⇒n(H∩E)=11

Q5.Let A be the non-void set of the children in a family. The relation 'x is a brother of y' on A is
•   Reflexive
•  Symmetric
•  Transitive
•   None of these
Solution
(c)

Q6. Let S={1,2,3,4}. The total number of unordered pairs of disjoint subsets of S is equal to
•  25
•  34
• 42
•   41
Solution
(d) Required number =(3^4+1)/2=41

Q7. If A and B are two sets such that n(A∩B ̅ )=9,n(A ̅∩B)=10 and n(A∪B)=24, then n(A×B)=
•  105
•  210
•  70
•  None of these
Solution
B

Q8.
•  R-{0}
•  R-{0,1,3}
•  R-{0,-1,-3}
•  R-{0,-1,-3,+1/2}
Solution
(c) Let A={x∈R:(2x-1)/(x^3+4x^2+3x)} Now, x^3+4x^2+3x=x(x^2+4x+3) =x(x+3)(x+1) ∴ A=R-{0,-1,-3}

Q9. In a set of ants in a locality, two ants are said to be related iff they walk on a same straight line, then the relation is
•  Reflexive and symmetric
•  Symmetric and transitive
•  Reflexive and transitive
•  Equivalence
Solution
(d) Clearly, R is an equivalence relation

Q10. Out of 800 boys in a school 224 played cricket, 240 played hockey and 336 played basketball. Of the total, 64 played both basketball and hockey; 80 played cricket and basketball and 40 played cricket and hockey; 24 played all the three games. The number of boys who did not play any game is
•  160
•  240
•  216
• 128
Solution
(a) Let U be the set of all students in the school. Let C,H and B denote the sets of students who played cricket, hockey and basketball respectively. Then, n(U)=800,n(C)=224,n(H)=240,n(B)=336 n(H∩B)=64,n(B∩C)=80,n(H∩C)=40 and,n(H∩B∩C)=24 ∴ Required number =n(C'∩H'∩B') =n(C∪H∪B)' =n(U)-n(C∪H∪B) =n(U)-{n(C)+n(H)+n(B)-n(C∩H)-n(H∩B)-n(B∩C)+n(C∩H∩B)} =800-{224+240+336+336-64-80-40+24} =800-640=160

#### Written by: AUTHORNAME

AUTHORDESCRIPTION

## Want to know more

Please fill in the details below:

## Latest NEET Articles\$type=three\$c=3\$author=hide\$comment=hide\$rm=hide\$date=hide\$snippet=hide

Name

ltr
item
BEST NEET COACHING CENTER | BEST IIT JEE COACHING INSTITUTE | BEST NEET, IIT JEE COACHING INSTITUTE: Sets-1-Quiz-15
Sets-1-Quiz-15
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-cls2YFatKlc/YORAIDIauxI/AAAAAAAAJBM/bEKO-PvzjjYQbfqmG9D2F88TXar3Fx5ewCLcBGAsYHQ/s600/Quiz%2BImage%2B20%2B%25284%2529.jpg
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-cls2YFatKlc/YORAIDIauxI/AAAAAAAAJBM/bEKO-PvzjjYQbfqmG9D2F88TXar3Fx5ewCLcBGAsYHQ/s72-c/Quiz%2BImage%2B20%2B%25284%2529.jpg
BEST NEET COACHING CENTER | BEST IIT JEE COACHING INSTITUTE | BEST NEET, IIT JEE COACHING INSTITUTE
https://www.cleariitmedical.com/2021/07/sets-1-quiz-15.html
https://www.cleariitmedical.com/
https://www.cleariitmedical.com/
https://www.cleariitmedical.com/2021/07/sets-1-quiz-15.html
true
7783647550433378923
UTF-8