Dear Readers,

As per analysis for previous years, it has been observed that students preparing for NEET find Physics out of all the sections to be complex to handle and the majority of them are not able to comprehend the reason behind it. This problem arises especially because these aspirants appearing for the examination are more inclined to have a keen interest in Biology due to their medical background. Furthermore, sections such as Physics are dominantly based on theories, laws, numerical in comparison to a section of Biology which is more of fact-based, life sciences, and includes substantial explanations. By using the table given below, you easily and directly access to the topics and respective links of MCQs. Moreover, to make learning smooth and efficient, all the questions come with their supportive solutions to make utilization of time even more productive. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1.  In Fresnel’s biprism experiment is held in water instead of air, then what will be the effect on fringe width
  •   Decreases
  •   Increases
  •   No effect
  •   None of these
𝛽 = (π‘Ž + 𝑏)πœ†/2π‘Ž(πœ‡ − 1)𝛼 ,𝑖.𝑒.,𝛽 ∝ πœ†/(πœ‡ − 1)
 When placed in water 𝛽′ ∝ πœ†/πœ‡′/ ( πœ‡/πœ‡′−1) 
 π‘–.𝑒.,𝛽′ ∝ πœ† (πœ‡−πœ‡′) but < πœ‡ 
 ∴ 𝛽′/𝛽 = (πœ‡ − 1) (πœ‡ − πœ‡′) 
 ∵ πœ‡′ > 1πœ† ∴ 𝛽′ > 𝛽 
 π‘–.𝑒., the fringe width increases

Q2. The radiation pressure (in 𝑁/π‘š2) of the visible light is of the order of
  •   10-2
  •   10-4
  •   10-6
  •   10-8
In 1903, the American scientists Nicols and Hull measured the radiation pressure of visible light. It was found to be of the order of 7 × 10-6𝑁/π‘š2

Q3.   . Two stars are situated at a distance of 8 light year from the earth. These are to be just resolved by a telescope of diameter 0.25 m. If the wavelength of light used is 5000β„«, then the distance between the stars must be
  •   3 × 1010 m
  •   3.35 × 1011 m
  •   1.95 × 1011 m
  •   4.32 × 1010 m
Limit of resolution of the telescope π‘Ž = 1.22πœ† / π‘Ž = 𝑑/π‘₯ Or 𝑑 = 1.22πœ† π‘₯ /π‘Ž = (1.22 × 5 × 10-7 × 8 × 1016) /0.25 = 1.95 × 1011m

Q4.  In Young’s double slit experiment, one of the slit is wider than other, so that amplitude of the light from one slit is double of that from other slit. If πΌπ‘š be the maximum intensity, the resultant intensity I when they interfere at phase difference πœ™ is given by
  •   𝐼m/9 (4 + 5cosπœ™)
  •   𝐼m /3 (1 + 2cos2 πœ™/2 )
  •   𝐼m/5 (1 + 4cos2 πœ™/2 )
  •   𝐼m/9 (1 + 8cos2 πœ™/2 )
Let 𝐴1 = 𝐴0, Then 𝐴2 = 2𝐴0 
 Intensity 𝐼 ∝ 𝐴2 
 Hence 𝐼1 = 𝐼0,𝐼2 = 4𝐼0 
We have 𝐼 = 𝐼0 + 4𝐼0 + 2√𝐼0 × 4𝐼0 cosπœ™ 
For 𝐼max,cosπœ™ = 1 
Hence 𝐼m = 9𝐼0 or 𝐼0 = 𝐼0/9
 When phase difference is πœ™ then
 πΌ = 𝐼0 + 4𝐼0 + 2√4𝐼02 cosπœ™ 
= 𝐼0 + 4𝐼0(1 + cosπœ™) 
= 𝐼0 (1 + 8cos2 πœ™/2 ) [∵ 1 + cosπœ™ = 2cos2 πœ™/2 ] 
 = 𝐼m / 9 (1 + 8cos1 πœ™/2)

Q5. Air has refractive index 1.0003. The thickness of air column, which will have one more wavelength of yellow light (6000β„«) than in the same thickness of vacuum is
  •   2mm
  •   2cm
  •   2m
  •   2km

Q6.  In Young’s double slit experiment, the 7th maximum wavelength πœ†1 is at a distance 𝑑1 and that with wavelength πœ†2 is at a distance 𝑑2.Then (𝑑1/𝑑2) is
  •   (πœ†1/πœ†2)
  •   (πœ†2/πœ†1)
  • (πœ†12/πœ†22)
  •   (πœ†22/πœ†12)
From π‘₯ = π‘›πœ† 𝐷/𝑑 
 π‘‘1 = 7πœ†1 𝐷/𝑑 
𝑑2 = 7πœ†2 𝐷/𝑑 
 ∴ 𝑑1/𝑑2 = πœ†1/πœ†2

Q7. The angular resolution of a 10 cm diameter telescope at a wavelength of 5000β„« is of the order of
  •   106 rad
  •   10-2 rad
  •   10-4 rad
  •   10-6rad

Angular resolution = 1.22πœ†/𝑑
 = (1.22 × 5000 × 10-10)/(10 × 10-2) = 6.1 × 10-6
  ≈ 10-6 rad

Q8. What is the path difference of destructive interference
  •   π‘›πœ†
  • 𝑛(πœ† + 1)
  •   (𝑛 + 1)πœ† /2
  •   (2𝑛 + 1)πœ† /2
For destructive interference path difference is odd multiple of πœ† 2

Q9. A beam of electron is used in an π‘Œπ·π‘†πΈ experiment. The slit width is d. When the velocity of electron is increased, then

  •   No interference is observed
  •   Fringe width increases
  •   Fringe width decreases
  •   Fringe width remains same
Momentum of the electron will increase. So the wavelength (πœ† = β„Ž/𝑝) of electrons will decrease and fringe width decreases as 𝛽 ∝ πœ†

Q10.  In Young’s double slit experiment, angular width of fringes is 0.20° for sodium light of wavelength 5890 β„«. If complete system is dipped in water, then angular width of fringes becomes
  •   0.11°
  •   0.15°
  •   0.22°
  • 0.30°
Angular fringe width πœƒ = πœ†/𝑑 ⇒ πœƒ ∝ πœ† 
πœ†π‘€ = πœ†π‘Ž /πœ‡π‘€ 
So πœƒπ‘€ = πœƒair/ πœ‡π‘€ = 0.20/ (4 /3) = 0.15°

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