Dear Readers,

NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions.

About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus.

Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. 

Q1. Given below the functions of different parts of the alimentary canal of cockroach. Correlate these functions with their respective organs
I. Grinding of food particles
II. Secretion of digestive juices
III. Clearing of haemolymph
The correct set of organs is:
  •  I. Malpighian tubule
    II. Proventericulus
    III. Hepatic caecae
  •  I. Proventriculus
    II. Gastric caecae
    III. Malpighian tubule
  •  I. Gastric caecae
    II. Gizzard
    III. Malpighian tubule
  •  I. Gizzard
    II. Crop
    III. Malpighian tubule
I- Proventriculus II-Gastric caecae III-Malpighian tubule. Gizzard helps in grinding the food particles in cockroaches. In the digestive system of cockroach, a ring of 6-8 blind tubules called gastric caecae is present at the junction of foregut and midgut, which secrete digestive juices.

Q2. Which tissue is present in the lining of small intestine?
  •  Epithelial tissue
  •  Connective tissue
  •  Nervous tissue
  •  Muscular tissue
Epithelial tissue has free surfaces, which faces either a body fluid or the outside environment and thus, provides a covering or a lining for some part of body. It is found on a lining of small intestine and helps in secretion and absorption.

Q3. If a live earthworm is pricked with a needle on its other surface without damaging its gut, the fluid that may come out is:
  •  Slimy mucous
  •  Excretory fluid
  •  Coelomic fluid
  •  Haemolymph
The body cavity of earthworm is the true coelom, being lined by coelomic epithelium. The coelom contains coelomic fluid secreted by the coelomic epithelium. The coelomic fluid oozes out via dorsal pores to keep the skin moist which helps in respiration.

Q4. Which of the following is not granulocyte?
  •  Basophils
  •  Monocytes
  •  Acidophils
  •  Neutrophils
White blood cells (leucocytes) are of two types : Granulocyte : This types of WBC, have granules in cytoplasm. These are eosinophils, basophils and neutrophils. Agranulocytes : This types of WBC, does not have granules in cytoplasm, e.g., lymphocytes and monocytes.

Q5. The process of formation of blood corpuscles is called:
  •  Haemopoiesis
  •  Haemolysis
  •  Haemozoin
  •  None of these
The process of formation of blood corpuscles is called haemopoiesis or haematopoiesis. During embryonic and foetal life, blood cells are formed in yolk sac, liver, spleen, thymus gland, lymph nodes and bone marrow. In adults, red bone marrow is responsible for producing red blood cells, granular leucocytes and platelets.

Q6. Ciliated epithelium is present in:
  •  Trachea
  •  Ureter
  •  Intestine
  •  Nasal chamber
Ciliated epithelium lines the inside of the oviducts, ventricles of the brain, the spinal canal as well as the respiratory passages like trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.

Q7. Which of the following gland is present in man but not in frog?
  •  Thyroid gland
  •  Salivary gland
  •  Pancreas
  •  Liver
Frog contains thyroid gland liver, pancreas but salivary gland not found in frog’s body. It is present in humans.

Q8. Male frog can be distinguished from female frog due to the presence of:
  •  Vocal sacs and copulatory pad on the first digit of the forelimb
  •  A neck and tail is absent
  •  The hind limb ends in the five digits
  •  Eyes are bulged and are covered by the nictitating membrane
Frog exhibit sexual dimorphism. Male frog can be distinguished by the presence of sound producing vocal sacs and also a copulatory pad on the first digit of the forelimbs which are absent in the female frogs.

Q9. In the given diagram of T.S. cartilage, identify  A and B

  •  A-Collagen; B-Chondrocyte
  •  A-Osteocyte; B-Collagen
  •  A-Microtubule; B-Osteocyte
  •  A-Chondrocyte; B-Collagen
A-Collagen, B-Chondrocyte

Q10. The first segment of earthworm’s body, which contains mouth is called:
  •  Prostomium
  •  Peristomium
  •  Coelom
  •  Protractor
Anterior end of earthworm’s body consists of mouth and prostomium. The first body segment is called the peristomium (buccal segment) which contains the mouth.

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