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Human health and Disease Quiz-17

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NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. VCRC stands for
  •  Vaccine Creation Research Center
  •  Vector Control Research Center
  •  Venum Control Research Center
  •  Vital Chemical ReleaseC
Solution
VCRC stands for Vector Control Research Centre situated at Pondicherry.

Q2. Hypersensitivity to an allergen is due to
  •  Aberrant function of immune system
  •  Food habits
  •  Increase in humidity
  •  Increase in temperature
Solution
The exaggerated response of the immune system to certain antigens present in the environment is called allergy

Q3. Which part of the brain is affected first in a drunk person?
  •  Cerbrum
  •  Olfactory lobe
  •  Cerebellum
  •  Medulla oblongata
Solution
Cerebellum is concerned with balance of body. It receives information from the organ of balance in the ears and controls all the movements involving voluntary muscles. It is the part of brain affected first in a drunk person

Q4. The drugs, which are commonly abused are
  •  Opioids
  •  Cannabinoids
  •  Coca alkaloids
  •  All of these
Solution
The drugs, which are commonly abused are opioids, cannabinoids and coca alkaloids LSD. Majority of these are obtained from flowering plants. Some are obtained from fungi

Q5.Cocaine is obtained from
  •  Erythroxylum coca
  •  Cannabis sativa
  •  Datura
  •  Opium plant
Solution
 Cocaine is a crystalline alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant (Erythroxylum coca)

Q6. Which of the following is used in eye inflammation and for curing night blindness?
  •  Atropa belladonna
  •  Cichorium intybus
  • Eclipta alba
  •  Emilia sonchifolia
Solution
Emilia sonchifolia is used in eye inflammation and for curing night blindness

Q7.Immunodeficiency makes a person highly susceptible to infection. It is caused by
  •  Lack of B-cells
  •  Lack of T-cells
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  •  None of the above
Solution
The B-cells and T-cells are produced in bone marrow. The T-cells (T-helper cells) stimulate B-cells to produce antibodies. Antibodies are the main component of immune system. Immunodeficiency is characterized by a very low number of circulating lymphocytes (B and T-cells) and the affected persons usually die at an early stage.

Q8.The cancer of the epithelial cells is called
  •  Hypersensitivity
  •  Immunodeficiency
  •  Autoimmune disease
  •  Allergy
Solution
The inability to distinguish between self cells and non-self cells may lead to auto-immune disease. Auto-immune diseases arise from an inappropriate immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body (auto-immunity)

Q9.Your immune system helps to protect you against viruses and bacteria that can cause sickness. Which cell is a part of immune system?
  •  White memory
  •  Red blood T-cells
  •  Nerve cells B-cells
  •  All of the above
Solution
WBCs (Polymorpho-nuclear leukocytes and monocytes, natural killer lymphocytes) and macrophages, phagocytose and destroy microbes

Q10. Hodgkins disease is
  •  Cancer of the lymphoid tissue
  •  Cancer of the mammary gland
  •  cancer of the WBC
  • Cancer of the liver
Solution
Hodgekins disease is a cancer of lymphoid tissue.

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