Human health and Disease Quiz-15

Dear Readers,

NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. Lung tuberculosis is caused by
  •  Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  •  Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  •  Streptococcus pneumoniae
  •  Escherichia coli

Q2. What is injected into the patient’s body the determining the cause of allergy?
  •  Pure allergen to which the patient is allergic
  •  IgG
  •  IgE
  •  Steroids
For determining the cause of allergy, the patient is exposed to or injected with very small doses of possible allergens, and the reactions studied

Q3. Modern lifestyle is responsible for
  •  Lowering of immunity
  •  More sensitivity of allergens
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  •  None of the above
Modern-day lifestyle has resulted in lowering of immunity and more sensitivity to allergens. More and more children in metro cities of India suffer from allergies and asthma due to sensitivity to the environment

Q4. Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease caused by
  •  Treponema
  •  Haemphilus
  •  Neisseria
  •  Chlamydia

Q5.Jaundice is a disease of
  •  Pancreas
  •  Kidney
  •  Liver
  •  Duodenum
 Jaundice is a disease of liver and involves yellow coloration of the skin, mucous membranes and secretions resulting from hyperbilirubinemia

Q6. Fever in malaria is due to
  •  Release of merozoites from RBCs
  •  Entry of sporozoites into blood capillaries
  • Entry of cryptomerozoites into RBCs
  •  Entry of merozoites into liver cells
Erythrocytic cycle of Plasmodium occurs in RBCs and beings when a cryptomerozoite or micrometacryptomerozoite enters into an RBC. After entering into RBC, a merozoite becomes, rounded disc-like young trophozoite. The accumulation of haemozoin granules (acquire trophozoite) and probably also some other toxic substances in blood causes the characteristic attack of malarial fever initially after about four erythrocytic cycles and than after each cycle.

Q7.The intermediate host of Schistosoma is
  •  Snail
  •  Mosquito
  •  Housefly
  •  Sheep
Schistosoma mansoni is the common human blood fluke. It belongs to class-Trematoda of Platyhelminthes. Blood fluke is digenetic parasite, the primary host of which is man and secondary host snail.

Q8.Diacetyl morphine is commonly known as
  •  Morphine
  •  Cannabis
  •  heroin
  •  cocaine
Diacetly morphine is commonly known as heroin.

Q9.The thymus is a lobed organ located near the …A… and beneath the …B… . The most appropriate combination for A and B is
  •   A-heart; B-breast bone
  •  A-liver; B-ribs
  •  A-heart; B-ribs
  •  A-intestine; B-ribs
The thymus is a lobed organ located near the heart and beneath the breast bone, consisting mainly of lymphatic tissue and serving as the site of T-cell differentiation

Q10. Physical carcinogen, e.g., UV-ray, X-ray and γ-rays causes
  •  DNA damage
  •  RNA damage
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  • Protein damage
Transformation of normal cells into cancerous neoplastic cells may be induced by physical, chemical or biological agents. These agents are called carcinogens. Ionizing radiations like X-rays and gamma rays and non-ionizing radiations like UV rays causes DNA damage leading to neoplastic transformation

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Human health and Disease Quiz-15
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