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Human health and Disease Quiz-13

Dear Readers,

NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. All of the following are examples of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue except
  •  Appendix
  •  Peyer’s patches
  •  Tonsils
  •  Liver
Solution
Liver is not a lymphoid tissue. The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. It has a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemical necessary for digestion

Q2. Nobel Prize for medicine was given for confirming the role of Helicobacter pylori in causing
  •  Nephritis
  •  Rhinitis
  •  Bronchitis
  •  Peptic ulcer
Solution
Barry J Marshall and Robin warren got Noble Prize in 2005 for discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcers.

Q3. Antibodies in our body are complex
  •  Lipoproteins
  •  Steroids
  •  Prostaglandins
  •  Glycoproteins
Solution
Antibodies are the proteins (glycoprotiens) called immunoglobulins. These are produced by the lymphocytes in response to entry of a foreign substance or antigen into the body.

Q4. The immunoglobulin abundant in colostrums is
  •  IgG
  •  IgM
  •  IgD
  •  IgA
Solution
IgA is predominantly found in seromucous secretions such as colostrum milk, saliva, tear etc. Breast milk contains IgA, which protects new born babies against various infections and provide him a strong defence and protection.

Q5.Charas and ganja generally taken by
  •  Inhalation
  •  Oral ingestion
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  •  Injection
Solution
 The flower tops, leaves and the resin of cannabis plant are used in various combination to produce marijuana, hashish, charas and ganja. Generally taken by inhalation and oral ingestion these are known for their effects on cardiovascular system of the body

Q6. A chemical substance produce produced by a microorganism for inhibiting the growth of another is
  •  Antibody
  •  Antibiotic
  • Aflatoxin
  •  Antiallergic
Solution
Antibiotic is a substance produced by microorganism that even in low concentration can inhibit or kill other microorganism, e.g., penicillin produced by the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum prevents the reproduction of many bacteria by preventing cell wall synthesis.

Q7.The treatment of snake-bite by antivenin is an example of
  •  Artificially acquired active immunity
  •  Artificially acquired passive immunity
  •  Naturally acquired passive immunity
  •  Specific natural immunity
Solution
In acquired passive immunity, antibodies from one individual are passed into another individual. It may be natural, e.g., transferred from mother to child across the placenta and through colostrum or artificial, e.g., immunity acquired by antibodies (cultured in horse), antivenin etc

Q8.Antivenom is used for the treatment of snake bite. The treatment of snake bite by antivenom is an example of
  •  Passive immunisation
  •  Active immunization
  •  Autoimmunization
  •  Innate immunization
Solution


Q9.A person is suffering from frequent episodes of nasal discharge, nasal congestion, reddening of eyes and watery eyes. These are the symptoms of
  •   Cyanosis
  •  Bronchitis
  •  Rhinitis
  •  Bronchial carcinoma
Solution
Rhinitis, commonly known as runny nose, is the medical term describing irration and inflammation of some internal areas of the nose. The primary symptom of rhinitis is nasal dripping. It is caused by chronic or acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose due to viruses, bacteria or irritants. Rhinitis affects an individual’s nose, throat or eyes and cause an increase in fluid production within these areas.

Q10. Penicillin was used in
  •  First world war
  •  second world war
  •  Both (a) and (b)
  • None of these
Solution
Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming. It was first anti-bacterial antibiotic, which is the product of Penicillium notatum and P. chrysogenum. It was widely used in second world war.

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Human health and Disease Quiz-13
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