Morphology of Flowering Plants Quiz-12

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NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. Which of the following plants have long slender and coiled stem tendrils developed from axillary buds?
  •  Grapevine and pumpkins
  •  Australian Acacia and watermelon
  •  Bougainvillea and cucumber
  •  Strawberry and grapevine
Long, slender and spirally coiled stem tendrils developing from axillary buds and helping plants to climb up are found in gourds (cucumber, pumpkins, watermelon) and grapevines.

Q2.Fleshy fruits with stony endocarp are called
  •  Capsules
  •  Berries
  •  Pomes
  •  Drupes
Drupe is fleshy, single seeded, indehiscent fruit with the seed enclosed in a stony endocarp, e.g., peach, plum, mango, coconut, etc.

Q3.   Colchicum autumnale belongs to
  •  Solanaceae
  •  Fabaceae
  •  Liliaceae
  •  Malvaceae
Colchicum autumnale belongs to Liliaceae family Colchine is obtained from colchicum, which is used to induce polyploidy in tissue culture.

Q4. A student observed 34 inflorescences in Bougainvillea and 42 inflorescences in Poinsettia. Find out the number of flowers in Bougainvillea and the number of female flowers in Poinsettia respectively.
  •  34 and 126
  •  68 and ∞
  •  204 and 164
  •  102 and 42
In Bougainvillea, inflorescence is dichasial cyme, where medianly situated peduncle itself finishes in a flower and bears two lateral floral branches at the base of its origin hence, in 34 inflorescences, the number of flowers is 102. In Poinsettia, inflorescences is cyathium, in which a single central female flower remains surrounded by numerous male flowers in a cup formed by the fusion of involucres, so, in 42 inflorescence, the number of female flowers is 42.

Q5. In angiosperms, male gametes are formed from
  •  Antipodals
  •  Prothallial cell
  •  Tube cell
  •  Generative cell
  In angiosperms, male gametes are formed from generative cell.

Q6. Perigynous type of ovary is found in
  •   Plum
  •  Rose
  • Pearch
  •  All of these
In perigynous ovary, the gynoecium is situated in the centre and other part are located on the rim of thalamus having same level. This type of ovary is called half inferior. e.g., plum, rose and peach.


The above inflorescence is a/an
  •  Cyathim
  •  Dichasial cyme
  •  Umbel
  •  Panicle
Cyathium is the characteristic inflorescence of genus-Euphorbia (but not of the family-Euphorbiaceae). In cyathium, five involucre becomes fused and form a cup-shaped structure, which bears a large single female flower surrounded by numerous, free male flowers.

Q8.Edible part of tomato is
  •  Epicarp
  •  Pericarp and placenta
  •  Mesocarp
  •  Thalamus
The pericarp, placenta and seed of the tomato fruit are edible.

Q9.In a tetradynamous androecium, one of the following is seen.
  •  Outer whorl of four smaller stamens and inner whorl of two larger stamens
  •  Outer whorl of two larger stamens and inner whorl of four smaller stamens
  •  Outer whorl of four larger stamens and inner whorl of two smaller stamens
  •  Outer whorl of two smaller stamens and inner whorl of four larger stamens
In a tetradynamous androecium, outer whorl of two smaller stamens and inner whorl of four larger stamens are present.

Q10. Root hairs are found
  •  In the zone of elongation
  •  Adventitious roots
  •  On the root cap
  • In the zone of maturation
Root hairs are found in the zone of maturation.

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Morphology-of-Flowering-Plants Quiz-12
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