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BIOLOGY HEALTH AND DISEASES QUIZ-10

Dear Readers,

NEET is the most famous and important medical entrance examination held in our country. This exam is an objective type, an offline test which includes 4 sections namely– Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The maximum marks that can be scored are 720 marks and have 180 questions. About half of the paper consists of questions from Biology, as the NEET exam essentially focuses on capacitating students to go for seats in medical courses. One of the most significant and crucial sections in the NEET exam is of Biology. It comprises of theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanations of differences, and relations. The majority of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12 and other related sources become part of the rest of the syllabus. Clear Exam curates a list of articles selected by professionals who recommend the highly vital topics for NEET exams. The table below takes you directly to the respective topic where the in-depth article and the MCQs are available for an easy and productive learning experience. Prior to solving NEET question papers or practicing mock tests, you must ensure to study the basic concepts in NEET and practice a few sample questions related to this exam. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced..
are very important in achieving your success in CLAT, DULLB and Other Law Exams..

Q1. BCG vaccine is used against
  •  TB
  •  Leprosy
  •  Food poisoning
  •  None of these
Solution
(a) BCG vaccine is used against TB (tuberculosis), which is a bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. BCG vaccine was developed by Calmette and Guerin.

Q2.Consider the following statements
I. People should get vaccination to avoid infection
II. Vaccination is available against polio, cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis and many other disease
III. Eradication of vectors are necessary in diseases like malaria and filariasis
IV. Dengue and chikengunya, both are spread by Culex mosquitoes
Which of the statements given above are correct?
  •  I, II and III
  •  I, II and IV
  •  I, III and IV
  •  I, III and IV
Solution
(a) Dengue and chikengunya both are spread by Aedes mosquitoes

Q3.  Vaccination protects a person from disease because it
  •  Helps in RBC production
  •  Produces antibodies
  •  Helps in digestion
  •  Correct body function
Solution
(b) Vaccines are made from microbes that are dead or inactive so that they are unable to cause the disease. The antigen in the vaccine is the same as the antigen on the surface of the disease-causing microbe. The vaccine stimulates the body to produce antibodies against the vaccine

Q4. All stages of the Plasmodium get digested in stomach of female Anopheles except
  •  Sporozoite
  •  Gametocyte
  •  Erythrocyte
  •  None of these
Solution
No solution avaialable
Q5.In which of the following disorders, person will become hypersensitive about ones look?
  •  Hypochondria/span>
  •  Anxiety
  •  Mood
  •  Phobia
Solution
(a) Hypochondria is a somatoform disorder in which one has the unfounded belief that he or she is suffering from a serious illness. Anxiety is complex combination of the fleeing of fear, apprehension and worry. Mood is a characteristic feeling. Phobia is an uncontrol, irrational and fear of a specific object, situation or activity.

Q6. Antibodies are produced by
  •  Leucocytes
  •  Lymphocytes
  •  Erythrocytes
  •  Erythrocytes
Solution
(b) Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell, which are an important part of the immune system. Two special types of lymphocytes are present in our blood, i.e., B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes. The B-lymphocytes produce an army of proteins in response to pathogen into our blood to fight with them. These proteins are called antibodies

Q7.Which one of the following disease is sexually transmitted disease
  • Cancer
  •  Syphilis
  •  Diphtheria
  •  Myocarditis
Solution
(b) Syphilisis a sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by spirochaete bacterium Treponemapallidum. It affects the mucous membranes in genital, rectal and oral regions and causes lesions.

Q8.Consider the following statements
I. The property of metastasis is shown by malignant tumours
II. Carcinogens are the agents that causes cancer
III. Benign tumour causes little damage to body cells
Which of the statements given above are correct?
  • I and II
  •  I and II
  •  II and III
  •  I, II and III
Solution
d) Malignant Tumour is a cancerous Tumour. It shows metastasis and thus invades other body parts The cancer causing agents are called carcinogens, e.g., Chemical agents – Aniline dyes Physical agents – X-rays, Y-rays, UV-rays Biological agents – Oncogenic viruses Benign tumour is non-cancerous tumour. It is less fatal to the body

Q9.After drinking alcohol, a person walks clumsily because, the alcohol affects his
  •  Cerebellum
  •  Cerebrum
  •  Medulla oblongata
  •  Spinal cord
Solution
(a) Alcoholism is dependency of a person on regular consumption of alcohol. In this cerebellum becomes affected which results the loss of muscle coordination so, affected person shows staggering gait and incoherent speech.

Q10. Benign tumours
I. remain confined to their original location and do not spread to other parts
II. cause little damage
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  •  Only I
  •  Only II
  •  I and II
  •  None of the above
Solution
(c) Benign tumour is a non-cancerous Tumour. It does not show metastasis and is non-invasive. It is less fatal to the body

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