As per analysis for previous years, it has been observed that students preparing for NEET find Physics out of all the sections to be complex to handle and the majority of them are not able to comprehend the reason behind it. This problem arises especially because these aspirants appearing for the examination are more inclined to have a keen interest in Biology due to their medical background. Furthermore, sections such as Physics are dominantly based on theories, laws, numerical in comparison to a section of Biology which is more of fact-based, life sciences, and includes substantial explanations. By using the table given below, you easily and directly access to the topics and respective links of MCQs. Moreover, to make learning smooth and efficient, all the questions come with their supportive solutions to make utilization of time even more productive. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced.
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**Q1.**4 cells each of emf 2 V and internal resistance of 1Î© are connected in parallel to a load resistor of 2Î©. Then the current through the load resistor is?

Solution

I= E/(R+r/4)=2/(2+1/4)=2/2.25=0.888A

I= E/(R+r/4)=2/(2+1/4)=2/2.25=0.888A

**Q2.**For ensuring dissipation of same energy in all three resistors (R

_{1},R

_{2},R

_{3})connected as shown in figure, their values be related as?

Solution

As voltage across the resistors R

As voltage across the resistors R

_{2}and R_{3}is same and they show same dissipation of energy, so using the relation for energy, H=V^{2}/R t,we have R_{2}=R_{3}. Thus, the current in each resistor R_{2}and R_{3}will be I/2 ie,I_{1}=I/2 and I_{2}=I/2**Q3.**n identical cells, each of emf E and internal resistance r, are connected in series a cell A is joined with reverse polarity. The potential difference across each cell, except A is?

Solution

When one call is wrongly connected in series, the emf of cells decrease by 2 E, but internal resistance of cells remains the same for all the cells. Current in the circuit is i=(n-2)E/nr×r Potential difference across each cell is V=E-Ir=E-(n-2)E/nr×r=2E/n

When one call is wrongly connected in series, the emf of cells decrease by 2 E, but internal resistance of cells remains the same for all the cells. Current in the circuit is i=(n-2)E/nr×r Potential difference across each cell is V=E-Ir=E-(n-2)E/nr×r=2E/n

**Q4.**A current of A enters one corner one corner P of an equilateral triangle PQR having 3 wires of resistance 2 Î© each and leaves by the corner R. then the current I

_{1}and I

_{2}are?

Solution

From Kirchhoff’s first law at junction P, I

From Kirchhoff’s first law at junction P, I

_{1}+I_{2}=6 …(i) From Kirchhoff’s second law to the closed circuit PQRP, -2I_{1}-2I_{1}+2I_{2}=0 -4I_{1}+2I_{2}=0 2I_{1}-I_{2}=0 ……(ii) Adding Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get 3I_{1}=6 I_{1}=2A From Eq. (i), I_{2}=6-2=4A**Q5.**160W-60V lamp is connected at 60 V DC supply. The number of electrons passing through the lamp in 1 min is (the charge of electron e=1.6×10

^{-19}C)?

Solution

Power, P=V

Power, P=V

^{2}/R R=V^{2}/P=(60)^{2}/160=22.5Î© Now, according to Ohm’s law V=IR ∴ I=60/22.5 I=2.6A Here, t=60s As I=ne/t n=(I×t)/e = (26×60)/(1.6×10^{-19})≈10^{21}**Q6.**If a 30 V,90 W bulb is to be worked on a 120 V line, a resistance of how many ohms should be connected in series with the bulb?

**Q7.**In a thermo-couple, one junction which is at 0℃ and the othe at t℃ the emf is given by E=at

^{2}-bt

^{2}. The neutral temperature is given by?

Solution

dT/dt=d/dt (at

dT/dt=d/dt (at

^{2}-bt^{3})=2at-3bt^{2}When t=t_{n}(ie, neutral temperature), dE/dt=0 ∴0=2at_{n}-3bt_{n}^{2}ort_{n}=2a/3b.**Q8.**5 cells, each of emf 0.2 V and internal resistance 1 Î© are connected to an external circuit of resistance of 10 Î©. Find the current through external circuit?

Solution

Here, emf of each cell, Îµ=0.2V Internal resistance of each cell, r=1Î© External resistance, R=10Î© The total emf of 5 cells =5Îµ=5(0.2)V=1V Total internal resistance of 5 cells =5r=5(1)Î©=5Î© Total resistance of the circuit =R+5r=10+5=15Î© The current in the external circuit, I=5Îµ/(R+5r)=1V/15Î©=1/15 A

Here, emf of each cell, Îµ=0.2V Internal resistance of each cell, r=1Î© External resistance, R=10Î© The total emf of 5 cells =5Îµ=5(0.2)V=1V Total internal resistance of 5 cells =5r=5(1)Î©=5Î© Total resistance of the circuit =R+5r=10+5=15Î© The current in the external circuit, I=5Îµ/(R+5r)=1V/15Î©=1/15 A

**Q9.**Two heater wires of equal length are first connected in series and then in parallel. The ratio of heat produced in the two cases is?

Solution

Let the resistance of each heater wire is R. When two wires are connected in series, the heat developed is H

Let the resistance of each heater wire is R. When two wires are connected in series, the heat developed is H

_{1}=(V^{2}t)/2R …(i) When two heater wires are connected in parallel, the heat developed is H_{2}=(V^{2}t)/(R/2)=(2V^{2}t)/R …(ii) Dividing Eq. (i) by Eq. (ii), we get H_{1}/H_{2}=1/4 or H_{1}∶H_{2}=1∶4 .**Q10.**A combination of two resistance of 2 W and 2/3 W connected in parallel is joined across a battery of emf of 3 V and of negligible internal resistance. The energy given out per sec will be?

Solution

Total power spend across two resistors connected in parallel to battery =V

Total power spend across two resistors connected in parallel to battery =V

^{2}/R_{1}+V^{2}/R_{2}=(3×3)/2+(3×3)/(2/3)=36/2=18 =3×3×2 J