Nutritive imbalance of Disorder - Basic Level

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Compared to other sections, Zoology is considered to be the most scoring section. If prepared thoroughly, Zoology can help students to secure a position in the exam. These questions are very important in achieving your success in Exams after 12th.

Q1. A person suffering from bleeding gums should take

  •  Citrus juice
  •  Carrots
  •  Milk
  •   Milk and eggs

Vitamins C and K deficiencies can also cause gums to bleed easily. Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, potatoes etc.Foods rich in vitamin K include spinach, lettuce etc.

Q2. Scurvy due to vitamin C deficiency, is characterised by

  •  Intestinal disorder
  •  Nervous disorder
  •  Haemorrhage in gums
  •  Malfunctioning in kidneys

Scurvy is a condition characterised by general weakness, anaemia, gingivitis (gum disease), and skin haemorrhages caused by a prolonged deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in the diet. Vitamin C plays a crucial role in the formation of collagen, a major component of connective tissue.

Q3. . Nyctalopia is caused by deficiency of vitamin

  •   E
  •  A
  •  C
  •  B12

In the absence of light, rhodopsin is regenerated. The body synthesizes rhodopsin from vitamin A, which is why a deficiency in vitamin A causes poor night vision

Q4. Pellagra is caused due to the deficiency of

  •  Ascorbic acid/Vit. C
  •  Nicotinic acid/Vit.B5
  •  Pantothenic acid
  •   Folic acid

Pellagra is a disease characterised by diarrhoea, dermatitis and dementia. If left untreated, death is the usual outcome. It occurs as a result of niacin (vitamin B-3) deficiency. Niacin is required for most cellular processes.

Q5. Night blindness is caused by

  •  Genetic disturbance
  •   Excessive drinking
  •   Vitamin A deficiency
  •  Excess secretion of adrenals

In general rich sources of magnesium are greens, nuts, seeds, dry beans, whole grains and low-fat dairy products. The recommended dietary allowance for magnesium for adult men is 400-420mg per day.

Q6. Continued consumption of diet rich in butter, red meat and eggs over long period may lead to

  •  Vitamin A toxicity
  •  Kidney stones
  •  Hypercholesterolemia
  •  Urine laden with ketone bodies

Night blindness (nyctalopia) is the inability to see well at night or in poor light. Its causes include glaucoma medications and cataracts.

Q7. Excessive bleeding from an injury is due to deficiency of

  •   Vitamin A
  •   Vitamin B
  •  Vitamin K
  •  Vitamin E

Vitamin K deficiencies in newborns are associated with vitamin K deficiency bleeding or VKDB (also known as hemorrhagic disease of the newborn).

Q8. Deficiency of vitamin C/Ascorbic acid causes

  •  Rickets
  •  Beri-Beri
  •  Scurvy
  •  Night blindness

Scurvy happens when there is a lack of vitamin C, or ascorbic acid. The deficiency leads to symptoms of weakness, anemia, gum disease, and skin problems.

Q9.  Prolonged deficiency of nicotinic acid produces

  •  Osteomalacia
  •  Xerophthalmia
  •  Pellagra
  •  Anaemia

Niacin (nicotinic acid) is a vitamin that acts as a part of coenzymes (NAD, NADP) which serve as hydrogen acceptors and donors for many enzymes.

Q10. Which pairing is not correct

  •  Vitamin D–Rickets
  •  Vitamin K–Sterility
  •  Thiamine–Beri-Beri
  •  iacin–Pellagra

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Best IIT JEE Coaching Institute in Delhi | NEET Coaching Institute in Delhi: Nutritive imbalance of disorder MCQ Basic Level
Nutritive imbalance of disorder MCQ Basic Level
Best IIT JEE Coaching Institute in Delhi | NEET Coaching Institute in Delhi
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