Thermal Physics Quiz-12

Dear Readers,

As per analysis for previous years, it has been observed that students preparing for NEET find Physics out of all the sections to be complex to handle and the majority of them are not able to comprehend the reason behind it. This problem arises especially because these aspirants appearing for the examination are more inclined to have a keen interest in Biology due to their medical background. Furthermore, sections such as Physics are dominantly based on theories, laws, numerical in comparison to a section of Biology which is more of fact-based, life sciences, and includes substantial explanations. By using the table given below, you easily and directly access to the topics and respective links of MCQs. Moreover, to make learning smooth and efficient, all the questions come with their supportive solutions to make utilization of time even more productive. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced. .

Q1. In a pressure cooker, cooking is faster because the increase of vapour pressure:
  •  Increases specific heat
  •  Decreases specific heat
  •  Decreases the boiling point
  •  Increases the boiling point
Increase of vapour pressure increases the boiling point of water.

Q2. The adjoining diagram shows the spectral energy density distribution Eλ of a black body at two different temperatures. If the areas under the curves are in the ratio 16 : 1, the value of temperature T is
  •  32,000 K
  •  16,000 K
  •  8,0000 K
  •  4,000 K
AT/A2000 =16/1 [Given] Area under eλ-λ curve represents the emissive power of body and emissive power ∝T4 [Hence area under eλ-λ curve) ∝T4 ⇒AT/A2000 =(T/2000)4⇒16/1=(T/2000)4⇒T =4000K

Q3. Shown below are the black body radiation curves at temperatures T1 and T2 (T2>T1). Which of the following plots is corre 




According to Wien’s displacement law λm∝1/T⇒λm2λm1 [∵T1T2] There fore I-λ graph for T2 has lesser wavelength (λm) and so curve for T2 will shift towards left side

Q4. In supplying 400 calories of heat to a system, the work done will be
  •  400 joules
  •  1672 joules
  •  1672 watts
  •  1672 ergs
W=JQ=4.18×400=1672 joule

Q5.  Three very large plates of same area are kept parallel and close to each other. They are considered as ideal black surfaces and have very high thermal conductivity. The first and third plates are maintained at temperatures 2T and 3T respectively. The temperature of the middle (i.e. second) plate under steady state condition is
  •  (65/2)1/4 T
  •  (97/4)1/4 T
  •  (97/2)1/4 T
  •  (97)1/4 T

In steady state energy absorbed by middle plate is equal to energy released by middle plate σA(3T)4-σA(T'')4=σA(T'')4-σA(2T)4 (3T)4-(T'' )4=(T'')4-(2T)4 2(T'')4-(16+81) T4 T''=(97/2)1/4 T

Q6. The coefficient of thermal conductivity of copper is nine times that of steel. In the composite cylindrical bar show in figure, what will be the temperature at the junction of copper ad steel?
  •  75℃
  •  67℃
  • 33℃
  •  25℃
Let the temperature of junction be θ. (∆Q/d1 )copper =(∆Q/∆T)steel K1 A= ((100-θ))/18=(K2 A(θ-0))/6 9K2 ((100-θ))/3=K2 θ 3θ=900-9θ 12θ=900 θ=75℃

Q7. 300 gm of water at 25℃ is added to 100 g of ice at 0℃.The final temperature of the mixture is
  •  -5/3℃
  •  -5/2℃
  •  -5℃
  •  0℃

Which is not possible. Hence θmix=0℃

Q8. Surface of the lake is at 2℃. Find the temperature of the bottom of the lake
  •  2℃
  •  T3℃
  •  4℃
  •  1℃
The densest layer of water will be at bottom. The density of water is maximum at 4℃. So the temperature of bottom of lake will be 4℃.

Q9.  The temperature on Celsius scale is 25℃. What is the corresponding temperature on the Fahrenheit scale
  •  40o F
  •  77o F
  •  50o F
  •  45o F
C/5=(F-32)/9⇒25/5=(F-32)/9=F=77o F

Q10. A beaker is completely filled with water at 4℃. It will overflow:
  •  When heated, but not when cooled
  •  When cooled, but not when heated
  •  Both when heated or cooled
  • Neither when heated nor when cooled
Water will overflow, both when heated or cooled because water has maximum density at 4℃ or minimum volume at 4℃

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Thermal Physics Quiz 12
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