## 3D Coordinate Geometry Quiz-13

As per analysis for previous years, it has been observed that students preparing for JEE MAINS find Mathematics out of all the sections to be complex to handle and the majority of them are not able to comprehend the reason behind it. This problem arises especially because these aspirants appearing for the examination are more inclined to have a keen interest in Mathematics due to their ENGINEERING background. Furthermore, sections such as Mathematics are dominantly based on theories, laws, numerical in comparison to a section of Engineering which is more of fact-based, Physics, and includes substantial explanations. By using the table given below, you easily and directly access to the topics and respective links of MCQs. Moreover, to make learning smooth and efficient, all the questions come with their supportive solutions to make utilization of time even more productive. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced..
3D Coordinate Geometry
Q1. The shortest distance between the lines 1+x=2y=-12z and x=y+2=6z-6 is
•  1
•  2
•  3
•  4
Solution

Q2.The equation of the plane passing through (2, 3, 4) and parallel to the plane 5x-6y+7z=3 is
•  5x-6y+7z+20=0
•  5x-6y+7z-20=0
•  -5x+6y-7z+3=0
•  5x-6y+7z+3=0
Solution
(b) Equation of any plane passing through (2, 3, 4) is
A(x-2)+B(y-3)+C(z-4)=0 …(i)
Plane (i) is parallel to 5x-6y+7z=3
∴ DR’s of this plane is same as the Eq. (i)
ie,A=5,B=-6,C=7
∴5(x-2)-6(y-3)+7(z-4)=0

∴ 5x-6y+7z-20=0 is the required plane

Q3.  The equation of the plane perpendicular to the line $$\frac{(x-1)}{1}=\frac{(y-2)}{(-1)}=\frac{(z+1)}{2}$$and passing through the point (2, 3, 1), is
•   $\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{r.}}$(i ̂+j ̂+2k)=1
•  $\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{r.}}$(i ̂-j ̂+2k)=1
•  $\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{r.}}$(i ̂-j ̂+2k)=7
•  $\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{r.}}$(i ̂+j ̂-2k)=10
Solution
Not available

Q4. A line makes the same angle Î¸ with each of the x and z axes. If the angle Î², which it makes with y-axis, is such that sin2Î¸, then cos2Î¸ equals
•  2/3
•  1/5
•  2/5
•  3/5
Solution
(c) Since, l2+m2+n2=1
⟹ cos2 Î¸+cos2 Î²+cos2 Î¸=1
[∴l=cos⁡〖Î¸,m=cos⁡〖Î²,given]〗 〗
⟹cos2 Î¸+cos2 Î²
¬But sin2 Î²=3 sin2⁡Î¸

∴ 3sin2 Î¸=〖2cos〗2 Î¸
⟹3=5 cos2 Î¸
⟹ cos2 Î¸=3/5

Q5.If a plane meets the coordinate axes at A,B and C such that the centroid of the triangle is (1,2,4), then
the equation of the plane is
•  x+2y+4z=12
•  4x+2y+z=12
•  x+2y+4z=3
•  4x+2y+z=3
Solution

Q6. If O is the origin and OP=3 with direction ratios -1, 2, -2, then coordinates of P are
•  (1, 2, 2)
•  (-1,2,-2)
• (-3,6,-9)
•  (-1/3,2/3,-2/3)
Solution

Q7.The ratio in which the line joining (2,4,5), (3,5,-4) is divided by the yz-plane is
•   2 : 3
•   3 : 2
•  -2 : 3
•   4 : -3
Solution

Q8. The area of triangle whose vertices are (1, 2, 3), (2, 5, -1) and (-1,1,2) is
•   150 sq unit
•   145 sq unit
•  √155/2 sq unit
•   155/2 sq unit
Solution

Q9. The radius of the circle of x+2y+2z=15,x2+y2+z2-2y-4z=11 is
•   2
•  √7
•   3
•  √5
Solution

Q10. The cartesian equation of the plane perpendicular to the line $$\frac{(x-1)}{2}=\frac{(y-3)}{-1}=\frac{(z-4)}{2}$$ and passing through the origin is
•  2x-y+2z-7=0
•  2x+y+2z=0
•  2x-y+2z=0
• 2x-y-z=0
Solution
(c) It is given that the line
 $$\frac{(x-1)}{2}=\frac{(y-3)}{-1}=\frac{(z-4)}{2}$$
Is perpendicular to the required.
This means that the normal to the plane is parallel to the line.
So, its direction ratios are proportional to 2,-1,2
The plane passes through the origin

Hence, its equation is
2(x-0)-(y-0)+2(z-0)=0⇒2x-y+2z=0

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