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A Brief Guide to NEET Biology Syllabus


The National Testing Agency (NTA) will be conducting the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) from this year in the offline mode. NEET 2019 will be conducted on May 5. Candidates who are appearing for NEET 2019 are advised to go through the detailed syllabus of NEET in order to score well in the entrance examination. The syllabus of NEET comprises topics from the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology and is based on the Class 11 and 12 Syllabus. For detailed NEET syllabus for Biology, read the article given below.

NEET Biology Syllabus 2019

The detailed syllabus of Biology for NEET 2019 is provided below.

Unit I – Diversity in Living World – Biodiversity, Need for classification, domains of life, taxonomy, Binomial Nomenclature, Tools to study Taxonomy, Classification of Kingdon, Salient Features and Classification of Plants in major groups, Salient features and classification of animals to classes.

Unit II - Structural Organization in Animals and Plants – Morphology and Modification, Tissues, Anatomy and Functions of different parts of flowering plants, Animal tissues, Morphology, Anatomy and Functions of Different systems.

Unit III - Cell Structure and Function – Cell theory, Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell,
Plant cell and animal cell, cell membrane, cell wall, Cell organelles, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi bodies, Lysosomes, Vacuoles, Mitochondria, Ribosomes, Plastids, Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function), Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.

Unit IV-  Plant Physiology - Transport system in plants, Osmosis, Plasmolysis, Transpiration, Diffusion of Gases, Mineral Nutrition, Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation, Photosynthesis, Factors affecting photosynthesis, Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA, Respiratory quotient, Plant growth and development: Seed germination, Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate, Conditions of growth, Differentiation, Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell, Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, Ethylene, ABA, Seed dormancy.

Unit IV: Human Physiology - Reproduction in organisms, Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction, Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes, Pollination and its types, Double fertilization, Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit, Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony, Significance of seed and fruit formation. Reproduction in Human Beings, Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta, Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

Unit V: Genetics and Evolution Details - Heredity and variation, Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes, Molecular basis of Inheritance, Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material, Structure of DNA and RNA, DNA packaging, DNA replication, Central dogma, Transcription, genetic code, translation, Gene expression Genome and human genome project, DNA finger printing. Evolution - Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

Unit VI- Biology and Human Welfare Details - Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry. Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

Unit VII - Biotechnology and Its Applications Details - Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology). Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals, Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

Unit V - Ecology and environment Details - Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations, Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution. Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release. Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries. Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories address.

Candidates are advised to go through the detailed syllabus before commencing with the preparation of JEE Main as it will help you in scoring good marks. Apart from preparing NEET Biology Syllabus, candidates are also required to give equal time to NEET Chemistry Syllabus and NEET syllabus for Physics to get a confirmed seat in MCI approved Medical Colleges across India.

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Best IIT JEE Coaching Institute in Delhi | NEET Coaching Institute in Delhi: A Brief Guide to NEET Biology Syllabus
A Brief Guide to NEET Biology Syllabus
The syllabus of NEET comprises topics from the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology and is based on the Class 11 and 12 Syllabus. For detailed NEET syllabus for Biology, read this blog.
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Best IIT JEE Coaching Institute in Delhi | NEET Coaching Institute in Delhi
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